A recent study has shed light on the cognitive and social effects of social media use.
As the term implies, social media is used for social interaction and communication.
While it can be great for sharing content and conversations, its primary use as a tool for communication can be harmful, according the study.
The researchers, from Stanford University and Harvard University, examined data from more than 2,000 people who were recruited via the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, the longest longitudinal study of its kind.
Participants completed a set of tests to assess how they used social media, including self-reported measures of the frequency of using social media and the frequency with which they used negative, negative, and neutral language.
The researchers found that the more frequently participants used social platforms, the more negatively they reported their communication behavior.
In other words, negative language and negative communication can negatively impact the health of people who use social media.
While some people may feel that negative language is necessary to express their opinions, it’s actually harmful to those people, the researchers write.
People who used more negative language on social media also reported having more negative moods, and they also reported feeling more irritable and sad.
They also reported more negative attitudes, a propensity to use negative language, and lower levels of emotional well-being.
The negative effects of negative language are likely to be exacerbated in situations where social interaction is limited, the study says.
This means that, for example, a person who is on the receiving end of negative criticism might use it to undermine the person who criticized them.
Another issue is that social media can be an opportunity to create more negative behavior, said lead author Shari Levine, an assistant professor of communication studies at Stanford.
In particular, people who are more likely to use social platforms may be more likely than others to engage in the behavior that is harmful.
Levine, who conducted the study with senior research scientist Emily Wysocki, said that the findings could help improve social media policies that may be needed to protect people from harmful communication.
“I think the research suggests that it’s important to have policies that protect against negative communication, and also to consider the ways in which people can use social networks to be productive,” she said.
“I think that these tools are really powerful for a lot of people and can be effective in terms of creating positive outcomes, but I think it’s also important to consider what it is that they’re not really doing.”
The study also found that, in addition to negatively impacting health, social platforms can be used as a means of self-expression.
People who use the platforms more often reported higher levels of self–disclosure, which suggests that they are more willing to share personal information that they consider private.
They were also more likely in their daily interactions to use positive language, even when it wasn’t explicitly directed at them.
“We found that people who reported more positive self–presentation were more likely, in fact, to use more positive language,” Levine said.
“That might be because people are trying to be more honest, or because they are trying not to get too caught up in the negative language.”
The researchers conclude that the use of social platforms to create negative communication is likely to have an adverse effect on people, both those who use them and those who aren’t.
The findings were published in the journal PLOS ONE.